The SMC pressure sensor is the most widely used type of sensor. The traditional pressure sensor is mainly composed of a mechanical structure type device, and the pressure is indicated by the deformation of the elastic element. However, this structure has a large size and a heavy weight and cannot provide electrical output. With the development of semiconductor technology, semiconductor pressure sensors have also emerged.
SMC pressure sensor selection principle:
Modern sensors vary widely in principle and structure. How to select a sensor based on a specific measurement purpose, measurement object, and measurement environment is the first problem to be solved when performing a certain amount of measurement. When the sensor is determined, the matching measuring method and measuring equipment can be determined. The success or failure of measurement results depends to a large extent on the reasonableness of the choice of sensors.
1, according to the measurement object and the measurement environment to determine the type of sensor to conduct a specific measurement work, first of all to consider what principle of the sensor, which requires analysis of many factors before they can be determined. Because, even if it is to measure the same physical quantity, there are many kinds of principle sensors available for selection. Which kind of principle sensor is more suitable, we need to consider the following specific problems according to the characteristics of the measured and the use conditions of the sensor: the size of the range; The measured position of the sensor volume requirements; measurement method for contact or non-contact; signal extraction method, wired or non-contact measurement; sensor source, domestic or imported, the price can withstand, or self-developed.
After considering the above issues, it is possible to determine which type of sensor to use, and then consider the specific performance indicators of the sensor.
2, the choice of sensitivity In general, in the linear range of the sensor, the higher the sensitivity of the sensor the better. Because only the sensitivity is high, the value of the output signal corresponding to the measured change is relatively large, which is advantageous for signal processing. However, it should be noted that the sensitivity of the sensor is high, and external noise that is not related to the measurement is easily mixed in, and it is also amplified by the amplification system, which affects the measurement accuracy. Therefore, it is required that the sensor itself should have a high signal-to-noise ratio, and the plant disturbance signal introduced from outside should be minimized.
The sensitivity of the sensor is directional. When it is measured as a single vector and its directionality is higher, sensors with small sensitivity in other directions should be selected. If the measured quantity is multi-directional, the cross sensitivity of the sensor is required to be as small as possible.
3. Frequency response characteristics The frequency response characteristic of the sensor determines the frequency range to be measured. It must maintain the undistorted measurement conditions within the allowable frequency range. Actually, the response of the sensor always has a certain delay. The shorter the delay time, the better.
The frequency response of the sensor is high and the frequency range of the measurable signal is wide. Due to the influence of the structural characteristics, the inertia of the mechanical system is large, because the frequency of the measurable signal of the sensor with low frequency is low.
In the dynamic measurement, the characteristics of the signal (steady-state, transient, random, etc.) response characteristics should be used to avoid overheating errors.
4. Linear range The sensor's linear range refers to the range where the output is proportional to the input. In theory, in this range, the sensitivity remains constant. The wider the linear range of the sensor, the larger the range, and can guarantee a certain measurement accuracy. When selecting a sensor, when the type of the sensor is determined, it first depends on whether or not the range meets the requirements.
But in fact, any sensor cannot guarantee absolute linearity, and its linearity is also relative. When the required measurement accuracy is relatively low, within a certain range, the sensor with smaller nonlinear error can be approximated as linear, which will bring great convenience to the measurement.
5. The ability of a stability sensor to remain unchanged for a period of time is called stability. The factors affecting the long-term stability of the sensor are not only the structure of the sensor itself, but also the environment in which the sensor is used. Therefore, for the sensor to have good stability, the sensor must have a strong environmental adaptability.
Before selecting the sensor, it is necessary to investigate its use environment, select the appropriate sensor according to the specific use environment, or take appropriate measures to reduce the impact of the environment.
There are quantitative indicators of the stability of the sensor. After the period of use is exceeded, calibration should be performed again before use to determine if the performance of the sensor has changed.
In some applications where the sensor can be used for a long period of time and cannot be easily replaced or calibrated, the selected sensor requires more stringent stability and can withstand long-term tests.
6. Accuracy Accuracy is an important performance index of the sensor, and it is an important link related to the measurement accuracy of the entire measurement system. The higher the precision of the sensor, the more expensive it is. Therefore, the accuracy of the sensor can be satisfied as long as it satisfies the accuracy requirements of the entire measurement system. It does not have to be selected too high. This makes it possible to select relatively inexpensive and simple sensors among the many sensors that meet the same measurement purpose.
If the purpose of the measurement is qualitative analysis, the sensor with high repeatability can be selected, and high absolute value accuracy should not be used; if it is for quantitative analysis, accurate measurement values â€‹â€‹must be obtained, and sensors with an accuracy class that meets the requirements must be used.
For some special occasions, you cannot choose the right sensor, you need to design and manufacture the sensor yourself. The performance of self-made sensors should meet the requirements for use.
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